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What is Pink Eye?

Pink eye also called conjunctivitis is redness and inflammation of the clear membranes covering the whites of the eyes and the membranes on the inner part of the eyelids. Pink eye is most often caused by a virus or by a bacterial infection; although allergies, chemical agents, and underlying diseases can also play a role. We will be educating you on the different types of conjunctivitis.

 

ALLERGIC CONJUNCTIVITIS

Cypress Abuja2This is very common. Eye allergies, like other types, can be triggered by allergens including pollen, animal dander (animal's tiny flakes of skin) and dust.
The most common symptom is itchy eyes, which may be relieved with eye drops containing antihistamines (not just any eye drop) to control allergic reactions. Avoiding allergen is important in the treatment of allergic conjunctivitis. Allergic conjunctivitis can be seasonal or perennial depending on the allergen causing the reaction.

 

 

BACTERIAL CONJUNCTIVITIS

cypress Abuja Baa common type of pink eye, caused by bacteria that infect the eyes through various sources of contamination. The bacteria can be spread through contact with an infected individual, exposure to contaminated surfaces or through other means such as sinus or ear infections. It usually produces a thick eye discharge or pus, sticky lids in the morning and can affect one or both eyes. Treatment is typically accomplished with antibiotic eye drops or eye ointments. The treatment usually takes about 1-2 weeks, depending on the severity of the infection.

 

 

VIRAL CONJUNCTIVITIS:

Cypress Abuja3This is highly contagious because airborne viruses can be spread through sneezing and coughing. It also can accompany common viral upper respiratory infections such as measles, the flu or the common cold. Viral conjunctivitis usually produces a watery? discharge.
Typically the infection starts in one eye and quickly spreads to the other eye. With viral conjunctivitis, the third through the fifth days are the worst. After that, eyes begin to improve on their own. Treatment usually involves supportive therapies, such as eye drops, that help reduce the symptoms; for example, vasoconstrictors to whiten the eye, decongestants to reduce the surface swelling and antihistamines to reduce itching. Treatments usually are
continued for 1-2 weeks, depending on the severity of the infection.

 

 

NEONATAL CONJUNCTIVITIS:

Cypress Abuja 4Also known as ophthalmia neonatorum, a form of conjunctivitis and type of neonatal infection contracted by newborns during delivery. The baby's eyes are contaminated during passage through the birth canal from a mother infected with either Neisseria Gonorrhoeae or Chlamydia Trachomatis.

Found in newborn babies and can cause blindness if left untreated. If you're pregnant and suspect you may have sexually transmitted disease, you need to be checked and possibly treated for any infection before the birth of your baby. Postnatal measures include; use of 1% tetracycline ointment, 0.5% erythromycin ointment, or 1% silver nitrate solution into the eyes of babies
immediately after birth.

 

 

GIANT PAPILLARY CONJUNCTIVITIS :
Cypress Abuja 5Usually involves both eyes and often affects soft contact lens wearers. This condition may cause contact lens intolerance, itching, a heavy discharge, tearing and red bumps on the underside of the eyelids. You'll need to stop wearing your contact lens, at least for a little while. Your eye doctor may also recommend that you switch to a different type of contact lens, to reduce the chance of the conjunctivitis coming back.
For eg, you may need to switch from soft contacts to gas permeable ones or vice versa. Or you might need to try a type of lens that you replace more frequently, such as disposable contact lens. Giant papillary conjunctivitiscan also result in artificial eyes (prosthetics), stitches and more. Your eye doctor will decide if removal is appropriate.